The documentary Im Lande der Basken (1944), directed by Herbert Brieger, was completely unknown until now.
Distributed by UFA, it is an attempt to show a mythical view of the Basque people in images filtered through Nazi propagan- da.
Shot entirely in the French Basque region, it shows scenery, traditions, sport, dances, etc. without separating itself from the Nazi’s frustrated attempts during World War II to strengthen ties with Basque nationalism to build a new territo- rial order in Western Europe based on ethnic principles.
Photographs & narration by Magnum photographer Thomas Hoepker.
…they represent at least a try of what mankind could do but failed bitterly and brutally. In some aspects it was a dream which was shattered, people believed in socialism for a while and so many were disappointed.
Great 3D recreation of the wall (please ignore the annoying audio):
I did not know about this “classic” quote by the, then, head of the DDR. The quote is from 15 June 1961 at a press conference in East Berlin. The construction of the wall started less that a month after that:
“Niemand hat die Absicht, eine Mauer zu errichten.” “Nobody has the intention of bulding a Wall”
Stasi officers were instructed to destroy files, starting with the most incriminating–those naming westerners who spied for them, and those that concerned deaths. They shredded the files until the shredders collapsed. Among other shortages in the East, there was a shredder shortage, so they had to send agents out under cover to West Berlin to buy more. In Building 8 alone, the citizens’ movement found over a hundred burnt out shredders.
According to William F. Buckley, Jr., “In the weeks after November 9, Stasi offices were stormed in various cities around East Germany. Stasi commissars in three of those cities committed suicide. But not one was lynched or executed.”
Erich Mielke’s famous live TV appearance in front of the Volkskammer on 13 November 1989: As his speech was broadcast live, Mielke began by using overly bombastic, flag-waving language, saying “We have, comrades, dear assembly members, an extraordinarily high amount of contact with all working people” (German: “Wir haben, Genossen, liebe Abgeordnete, einen außerordentlich hohen Kontakt zu allen werktätigen Menschen.”). To his shock, the Volkskammer responded with boos, whistles, and catcalls.
His face grief-stricken and pale, Mielke then tried to defuse the situation, “Yes, we have such contact, let me tell you-let me tell you why. I am not afraid to stand here and to give you an honest answer” (German: “Ja, wir haben den Kontakt, ihr werdet gleich hören – ihr werdet gleich hören, warum. Ich fürchte mich nicht, ohne Rededisposition hier Antwort zu stehen.”). Mielke continued, speaking of the “triumph” of the socialist economy, continuing all the while to address the members of the Volkskammer as “Comrades” (German: “Genossen”). In response, Volkskammer member Dietmar Czok of the CDU, rose from his seat and raised his hand. Volkskammer president Günther Maleuda interrupted Mielke, and allowed Czok to speak.
With his voice dripping with contempt, Czok told Mielke, “As a point of order, let me remind you that there are more people sitting in this House than just your Comrades!“. In response, many in the chamber burst into applause, cheers, and shouts of “We are not your Comrades!” (German: “Wir sind nicht deine Genossen!”)
Trying to appear magnanimous, Mielke responded, “This is a natural, Humanist question! This is just a question of formality.” (German: Das ist doch nur ‘ne natürliche, menschliche Frage! Das ist doch nur eine formale Frage!”), leading to further shouts of displeasure from the chamber. In a last ditch effort, Mielke “raised his arms like an evangelist,” and cried, “I love all – all Humanity! I really do! I set myself before you!” (German: “Ich liebe – Ich liebe doch alle – alle Menschen! Na liebe doch! Ich setze mich doch dafür ein!”).
Everyone in the room, including staunch SED members, burst out laughing. John Koehler later wrote, “Mielke was finished.”
Mielke’s address to the Volkskammer remains the most famous broadcast in the history of German television. Anna Funder has written, “When they think of Mielke, East Germans like to think of this.“
In February 1943, a Red Army officer taunted a group of German prisoners in the ruins of Stalingrad. “That’s how Berlin is going to look!” Antony Beevor – Stalingrad (1998)
I just finished listening to Antony Beevors’ Book “Berlin: The Downfall 1945“. I had finished listening “Stalingrand” (also by Beevor) around a month ago and had started with this book right after.
Beevor provides minute day-to-day details an anecdotes from everyday live which can convey a lot more meaning that any data, troop movements, or grandiose speeches.
The book devotes spends a bit of time describing “indecent events” the Red Army. This is even more appalling in those cases where rape victims were jews, German communists or even liberated Russian forced labourers.
I headed to wikipedia after finishing the book and found out, somehow unsurprised, that the book had been contested by many, especially in Russia.
Oleg Rzheshevsky, a professor and the president of the Russian Association of World War II Historians, has stated that Beevor is merely resurrecting the discredited and racist views of Neo-Nazi historians, who depicted Soviet troops as subhuman “Asiatic hordes”. He argues that Beevor’s use of phrases such as “Berliners remember” and “the experiences of the raped German women” were better suited “for pulp fiction, than scientific research”. Rzheshevsky also stated that the Germans could have expected an “avalanche of revenge” after what they did in the Soviet Union, but “that did not happen”.
Beevor responded by stating that he used excerpts from the report of General Tsigankov, the chief of the political department of the 1st Ukrainian Front, as a source. He wrote: “the bulk of the evidence on the subject came from Soviet sources, especially the NKVD reports in GARF (State Archive of the Russian Federation), and a wide range of reliable personal accounts”. Beevor also stated that he hopes Russian historians will “take a more objective approach to material in their own archives which are at odds to the heroic myth of the Red Army as ‘liberators’ in 1945”.
UK historian Richard Overy, from the University of Exeter, has criticized Russian reaction to the book and defended Beevor. Overy accused the Russians of refusing to acknowledge Soviet war crimes, “Partly this is because they felt that much of it was justified vengeance against an enemy who committed much worse, and partly it was because they were writing the victors’ history”.
Visiting our quieter, more sensible neighbours to the west
The arrivals gate at the airport is above level from the people waiting, making it easier to see those coming out the gate.
Obrigado/a: In order to say “Thank you” you need to disclose your gender in Portugese
The smoking are outside is NOT next to the taxi stop but across the road.
The song playing on the radio in the tqxi was a duet, a Spanish/Portugese.
The taxi fare from airport to the hotel was 6,6€. The fare from my place to the Madrid airport was 30€
2 million people commute to Lisbon BY FERRY everyday.
Subtle differences with Spain
“No incomodar” sounds a lot gentler than “No molestar”.
“Alcampo” is called “Auchan” but has the same exact logo.
“Pasteis de nata” are in fact oversugared, undersized & burnt “pasteles de arroz”.
Late medieval origins
Castillo san Jorge. Morería, they were only allowed there.
The story of how the castle was conquered from the Muslim rules, the hero getting his body in the way of the door (Cascorro style)
Pedro IV getting rid of religious orders privileges in the 1830’s and granted a constitution
The seal of Lisboa. Whose corpse was acoopanied by a flock of Ravens?
Church of de São Domingos. Alleged miracle, a concerted jew denied it and was killed. There was a masacre of 2000+ jews. When the king knew about this he EXECUTED the instigators (priests) and closed the church for 8 years.
Dominican friars promised absolution for sins committed over the previous 100 days to those who killed the “heretics”, and a crowd of more than 500 people (many of them sailors from Holland, Zeeland and the Kingdom of Germany) gathered and killed all the New Christians they could find on the streets, burning their bodies by the Tagus or in Rossio.
That Sunday, more than 500 people were violently sent to their deaths.
The New Christians, no longer found on the streets, were dragged from their houses and from churches and, along with their wives, sons and daughters, were burnt in the public squares alive or dead.
Not even infants were spared, as the crowd ripped them to pieces or threw them against the walls. The crowd proceeded to loot the houses, stealing all the gold, silver and linens they could find. More than 1000 people were killed on the second day.
The headquarters of Carmo (Quartel do Carmo) is a very important building for Portugal’s history. Marcelo Caetano (former dictatorAntónio de Oliveira Salazar’s replacer) found refuge in the main Lisbon military police station at the time of the revolution.
This building was surrounded by the MFA (Portuguese Armed Forces), which pressured Marcelo Caetano to cede power to general Spínola. It was here where the Estado Novo (New Regime) officially came to an end after almost 50 years
Lluis Llach’s Abril 1974 was one of the first foreign songs to talk about this, and is one of my favorite songs.
The palace that used to belong to Portugal’s last dynasty was converted into a national Panteon after the country became a republic, were prominent national heroes are now buried. Amália Rodrigues & Eusébio are there.
A raíz de las memorias de mi abuelo Vicente Gómez García, que coincidió con Gregorio Balparda en el Costa Quilates, me ha dado por investigar el tema de la evolución de los nombre de las calles de Bilbao y he encontrado este artículo, muy interesante: http://ccec.revues.org/3000
The phrase ‘Fox Talbot’ is so harmonious and rolls off the tongue so easily that it is almost universally used for his name today. Many of his contemporaries who did not know him well did the same. However, this form of address was most certainly not warmly embraced by the subject himself! The ‘Fox’ so often associated with his surname was one of his given names, as it was a family name of his mother, Lady Elisabeth Feilding (the outspoken daughter of the 2nd Earl of Ilchester). Perhaps out of deference to Lady Elisabeth, Henry signed some of his books and journal articles ‘H. Fox Talbot.’ In fact, Talbot was known to family and close friends nearly always as ‘Henry’. He signed his letters ‘H.F. Talbot’ or ‘Henry F. Talbot’ far more often than ‘H. Fox Talbot’.
The Fox was only a middle name and Talbot’s surname was never hyphenated, but it is not unusual to see it so treated in secondary literature. In fact, the occasional library card catalogue has Talbot filed under ‘F’, a problem made even more serious by the ubiquitous computer sorting of today. But even this confusion in sorting is not a new problem – in 1823, Henry wrote to his mother from Naples that “I observe you always direct to me Fox Talbot by way of discrimination, but it does rather the contrary. For, the letters are here distributed from different windows, according to the different letters of the Alphabet, and the other day I found no letter for me under T, and accordingly asked for letters for Mr Fox when they immediately produced one from you”.
Further evidence that Henry himself had little enthusiasm for the ‘Fox’ is revealed in an a letter of 1842 to his mother on the birth of his only son: “You know we had fixed on the name Charles Henry, but if you wish it we can make it C.H.F.T. Constance says she is quite willing.” Even the reluctant offer to incorporate the F. here was not a reference to the family name of Fox, but rather a homage to his beloved late step-father, Admiral Feilding.
A final clue to Talbot’s own feelings on the subject is the fact that among the more than one-hundred photographic prints and negatives that Talbot signed himself, there is not a single one – not a one – where he used the word ‘Fox’ as part of the signature!